Trees growing near a house provide shade and shelter from the wind, which can help reduce utility costs throughout the year. Although benefits abound from this natural growth, they can also cause damage to buildings over time. A tree evaluation completed by an arborist may lead to recommendations for tree removal if problems occur.
Roots grow outwards in a continual pursuit of moisture in the soil. The depth and breadth of root size depend on the compaction of the soil, prevailing weather conditions, and type of tree. In ideal conditions, a large tree could produce underground growth that is 20, 30, or even 50 feet deep. A tree evaluation can also discover roots growing laterally, possibly extending over 30 feet beyond the outer reach of the branches. Roots push through the soil as they continuously seek water and oxygen. If soil conditions are dry around a home’s foundation and roots are present in the soil, this may lead to an issue of shrinking during dry conditions and swelling during wet conditions that could cause cracking in the foundation. Subsidence is the technical term for a structure that sinks deeper into the ground, and this is a common issue with homes built in clay soil. Subsidence is also a common problem with the shrinking and swelling of soil. If roots grow too close to a foundation, removal may be necessary.
A tree evaluation may show roots encountering underground sewer pipes. If cracks and holes are present in pipes, roots could grow into these openings in search of moisture. This growth will continue, often leading to partial or even full obstructions in the lines. Breakage may also occur eventually. Frequent drain clogs or slow-moving drains are symptoms of growth in underground plumbing. Tree removal is often recommended in this situation, and repairs may need to be made in the underground drain lines. Repairs may involve scraping off the growth from the interior surfaces of the pipes, fixing cracks and holes, and clearing the growth out of the area.
If the tree evaluation results recommend tree removal, hiring a knowledgeable arborist with experience in landscape renovation will ensure a high-quality outcome.